一部能救命的微電影

一部能救命的微電影

這部由《生命時報》社、中國醫師協會、中華醫學會心血管病學分會聯合投資拍攝的,中國首部健康科普微電影《生死競速》,也許會給你一個答案。

為了緩解病人的痛苦,也為了能夠有效的抑制這種病情的加重,美國又研製出一種專門可以針對類風濕小分子藥物的JAK抑制劑,正如名字而言,它里面的晨僵小分子藥物捷抑炎包含的JAK激酶能够针对风湿问题,從而使得發炎的細胞內攔截細胞因數的傳遞,就可以有效控制關節的紅腫熱痛或僵硬等症狀,也就可以緩解了關節炎的疼痛和不適感,晨僵小分子藥物避免風濕性關節炎的病症加重。

 

須牢記兩個“120”:及時撥打120急救電話,把握120分鍾的黃金救治時間,不能讓時間成為生命的阻礙。

臨床研究證明,對心梗病人的救治而言,早期開通血管是降低死亡率的關鍵所在。從發病開始算,理想的時間是120分鐘內。患者一旦出現心梗,每分每秒都有成千上萬的心肌細胞死亡,早一分開通,就多一份希望。

4步從死神手中逃脫

心梗的搶救需要闖過三道關,一是患者自己,二是急救運送,三是醫院救治,其中患者這關特別重要,直接決定搶救成功與否。

1

及時辨別心梗

心梗的典型症狀是胸骨正中間或中間偏左處出現疼痛,有瀕死、壓迫感,可持續5~15分鍾或以上,還有人會伴有出汗、惡心等症狀。一般來說,胸痛持續20分鍾還不緩解要高度懷疑心梗,超過5分鍾就要警惕。

如果出現了晨僵的現象,大家就要警惕,這是屬於類風濕性關節炎等出席症狀,找到了產生這類病症的原因進行有效的治療,就能夠有效的去緩解病症的加重。否則如果不重視之類的問題,很有可能會使得自體的免疫功能失調越來越嚴重,造成關節疼痛或變形,甚至畸形等,更為嚴重的也許還會造成一些外部現象,使得各類身體的免疫系統,呼吸系統,心腦血管等各方面出現病症,因此患有晨僵還是要盡早治療,杜絕後患的產生。現在就有一種專門是能夠治療類風濕性關節炎的藥物,使用晨僵小分子藥物捷抑炎JAK抑制劑,能夠抑制JAK激酶傳遞分子訊息角色,從而可以抑制發炎的反應,而且服用這類藥物,它是見效很快的,在數天之內服用,可以有效的緩解關節炎的病情。

另外,有時心梗還會出現不典型症狀,變現為胃疼、牙疼、嗓子疼,十分容易被忽視。

出現上述症狀時,患者本人及家屬要格外警惕,最好馬上送醫,絕不能硬著頭皮忍耐。

2

馬上撥打急救電話

另有統計發現,心梗患者中有近一半是自行到醫院,認為這樣更快捷,只有約1/4的患者通過呼叫急救車到達醫院。

但實際上,自己送醫存在很多弊端。

首先,隨意搬動患者或患者自行走動,會提高院外死亡率;相反,如果撥打急救電話,醫生會在來的路上指導患者先行自救;其次,很多人不了解醫院的情況,送去的醫院可能沒有救治心梗的能力,即使有能力,院方也可能因沒做好人員、設備和床位的准備,從而延誤救治。

雖然晨僵大多數是在老年人身上, 但也不排除有一些年輕人群患上類風濕性關節炎,畢竟晨僵原因產生原因是比較多的。現在有些人患上類風濕性疾病有可能與遺傳、感染、性激素,習慣等情況有關,而現在年輕人患類風濕性疾病也多數是和生活習慣有著密切關係。如真的出現了晨僵,大家也不要慌張,在美國有專門針對於治療類風濕性疾病的藥物,那就是JAK抑制劑,晨僵小分子藥物可以快速的緩解晨僵或者關節變形等痛症。它是一種口服類型的JAK抑制劑,也是唯一小分子藥物,堅持服用就可以治療類風濕性關節炎,減輕身體的關節僵硬疼痛,藥劑裡面含有的janus激酶抑制劑會使得細胞激素和接受體在細胞膜上發生作用,抑制細胞發炎的活法反應,減少細胞激素產生。

打急救電話的意義就在於,醫院能有准備地迅速啟動有針對性的急救綠色通道,搶得救命時間。

3

平靜地等待救援

如果病人存在冠心病病史,懷疑心梗時,可服用硝酸甘油、阿司匹林等藥物,但如果沒有病史或不清楚病人的情況時,好不要隨便給病人服藥。

此時應讓病人平躺,保持安靜,不要受刺激。如果病人平躺保持安靜,可能的話最好吸氧,實在沒有氧氣,可以把窗戶打開,讓病人得到充分的氧氣供應。

發生心梗後,最壞的情況是室顫,可能導致猝死。此時,好保持病人的呼吸道暢通,並做胸部按壓和人工呼吸,防止腦缺氧,以免大腦細胞迅速死亡。

4

配合醫生的工作

部分病人如確診心梗就應立即行經皮冠脈介入術,但現實生活中,很多病人家屬往往不太配合,醫生非常著急,家屬卻遲遲不在手術協議上簽字。

有的病人家屬缺乏對醫生基本的信任,一聽手術或做支架,就馬上懷疑醫生是為了多賺錢、多賣藥。

還有些家庭,要把各種親屬都叫過來一起商量,說好每家出多少錢後才做手術,導致寶貴的搶救時機白白浪費。

因此,為了病人的安危,家屬一定要信任醫生,並配合醫生工作,盡快簽字,盡快手術。

晨僵使用 (Xeljanz)這款產品,它就能夠有效的緩解晨僵的問題,特別是對於剛開始發現患有類風濕性關節炎的患者來說,能夠早期提前服用捷抑炎可以起到很好的治療作用,治療的效果會更好一些,而對於患有重度活動性類風濕性關節炎的患者來說,使用捷抑炎可以有效的可直接進入到發炎細胞內層作用,抑制細胞發炎的活化反應,從而減少細胞激素生成,這樣就能夠緩解類風濕性關節炎環節肢體僵硬的問題,而且使用捷抑炎能夠達到比較穩定的治療作用,它是屬於口服劑,攜帶也方便,還不需要打針,對於患有這類疾病的患者來說是再合適不過的一款藥物產品。

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護膚補水保養法

護膚補水保養法

隨著氣溫升高,夏季護膚的戰略重點也需要做出調整了。夏季你應該做好哪些保養工作呢?現在,為您提出夏季護膚,使您可以輕松地面對它,沒有任何麻煩。

細胞活能面霜昇華版加強深度滋養及恢復皮膚彈性,蘊含了活膚抗氧成分“繡球菇發酵物萃取“及結合“15種珍貴草本成分“,顯著改善及擊退皺紋、暗啞、鬆弛等各種老化跡象!

清晨給肌膚喂飽水:

保濕和保濕工作比防曬霜簡單得多。它只需要一個好的保濕水和一些壓縮的面膜就可以了。早早起床10分鍾,用壓縮面膜配合保濕水,塗抹於面部約5分鍾,讓肌膚在早上喝水,確保肌膚有一天保濕不幹。

小TIpS:如果非敏感型肌膚可以用透明質酸水代替保濕水,不僅有很好的補水保濕效果,而且令肌膚富有彈性。用面膜塗上乳液,全天滋潤肌膚。

保濕面膜可以擺脫乾燥環境給肌膚肌帶來的乾燥感,不注意護理肌膚容易抽乾肌膚內的水份,保濕面膜可以對肌膚進行急救行的緩解

正午避免與烈日正面交戰:

防曬是夏季護膚的基礎,最好的防曬方法就是盡量避免炎炎烈日,上班一族應盡可能減少與炙熱的驕陽接觸的機會,一般早晨8點前、晚上18點後這兩個時間段的紫外線的強度相對較弱,選擇在這兩個時間段出行是最好不過的。

從中午11點到下午3點,紫外線輻射最強烈的照射和最致命的影響可以描述為皮膚自毀旅行。除此外,對於那些必須與烈日正面交戰的同胞而言,除了要遮陽帽、墨鏡、長裙、披肩衫全副武裝外還必須加上一層至少SpF30的防曬霜。

保濕面膜可以擺脫乾燥環境給肌膚肌帶來的乾燥感,不注意護理肌膚容易抽乾肌膚內的水份,保濕面膜可以對肌膚進行急救行的緩解

小tips:即便是宅在家裏也一定要抹上spf15的防曬霜,因為紫外線無處不在。芹菜、香菜、白蘿卜等都屬於 ldquo;感光蔬菜,這些蔬菜讓愛長斑的皮膚更容易長出色斑,還是少吃為妙。

去暗瘡印/凹凸洞/疤痕療程(包括海藻矽針及微創換膚),專為東方人的肌膚而設,能有效改善疤痕、凹凸洞、暗瘡印、曬斑、雀斑、老人斑、皺紋及細紋。

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寶寶牛奶過敏 喂養有招

寶寶牛奶過敏 喂養有招

寶寶喝牛奶腹脹怎麼辦?像這樣的嬰兒我們真的很頭疼。如果母乳不夠,那麼喝牛奶和過敏真的是一個痛苦的喂養過程。讓我們來看看一些處理嬰兒奶過敏的建議。

自製12款親子 遊戲 與孩子樂也融融增進感情,能促進與孩子的交流,對孩子的健康成長極有幫助,在孩子的角度自製小遊戲,從孩子的表現,加深對他們的了解,打造一段樂也融融的親子時光。

有的嬰兒在吃牛奶時,表現為大聲哭鬧,臉上臉紅或面色蒼白,雙手緊握,雙腿在腹部彎曲,同時腹瀉,大便帶血,檢查後,嬰兒出現乳汁過敏。那麼發現寶寶牛奶過敏該怎麼喂養呢?母親們不妨嘗試以下方法:

對牛奶過敏的嬰兒可以停喂一段時間牛奶及其制品,使用乳制品替代品,症狀會立即緩解。嬰兒的腸粘膜在哺乳前發育良好。

病情分析: 如果認為代乳品不如牛奶制品營養全面,可采用脫敏療法,其方法是:發現寶寶有過敏症狀,先停用原食品2周,改用代乳品,比如奶糕粉類、米粉類或羊奶等。2個星期後用鮮牛奶試喂寶寶一次,試用量在10毫升左右。如果略有變態反應,只要不會影響寶寶身體健康,可隔3天再喂鮮牛奶15毫升。依此類推,每隔3天增加5~10毫升。隨著奶量的增加,嬰兒的過敏症狀並沒有增加並逐漸緩解,可以在增加奶量的同時縮短喂養間隔,直至正常喂養。該方法適用於大多數牛奶過敏的嬰兒,不會造成營養失衡。

另外,可在煮奶時將牛奶制品煮沸一段時間,以高溫使其中蛋白質改變性狀,失去致敏性,但此種方法不利於奶中營養的吸收。

育兒小貼士:要處理寶寶牛奶過敏,不妨試試上面的小貼士,另外,還要注意寶寶過敏原的其他方面哦!

媽媽若於孕前營養攝取不足,可引致媽媽受孕困難,甚至早產及其他生產併發症的出現

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身體疲勞,疲勞、發冷、怕冷嗎?

身體疲勞,疲勞、發冷、怕冷嗎?你可能得了甲狀腺機能減退症。

甲狀腺是人體中一個非常重要的器官。甲狀腺的問題可能會對人們的生活產生很大的影響。其中,被稱為“甲狀腺功能減退症”的甲狀腺疾病很麻煩。讓我們一起來了解這種疾病。

過度活躍症特徵主要表現在注意力不足或過動症、情緒化等,AD/HD治疗就需要专门的ADHD藥物,例如多巴胺等,亦需專業訓練大腦執行能力,改善病情。

據四川新聞網報道,甲狀腺位於頸部的“喉結”之下約2至3厘米,形狀像蝴蝶。甲狀腺雖小,卻是人體最大的內分泌腺,一旦出現異常,就會對人體各器官造成損害。由甲狀腺功能減退引起的甲狀腺功能減退綜合征稱為甲狀腺功能減退症。

為什么人們遭受JiaJian ?隨著社會的發展,甲狀腺功能減退症的病因也在發生變化。改革開放前,甲狀腺功能主要由缺碘所致;改革開放後,在一些碘含量高的地區,甲狀腺功能的主要原因是自身免疫性甲狀腺疾病(AITDs),女性甲狀腺功能障礙的發病率是男性的5~10倍。

那么,甲狀腺功能減退的人有什么症狀呢?根據《山西晚報》“報告,JiaJian的早期症狀不明顯,典型症狀,如“懶惰,脂肪和軟弱”,病程較長,具體表現為未知的高原昏昏欲睡,懶洋洋的,容易困倦時,不要想,體重增加和面部四肢水腫;身體疲勞,乏力,發冷、怕冷,等等。

過度活躍症特徵主要表現在注意力不足或過動症、情緒化等,ADHD治疗就需要专门的ADHD藥物,例如多巴胺等,亦需專業訓練大腦執行能力,改善病情。

甲狀腺功能減退對人們的生活有什么影響?據“人民日報”健康頻道報道,甲狀腺激素除了怕冷、怕睡覺、怕記憶外,還可以作用於全身多個系統,臨床表現多種多樣,如沉默、懶惰、甚至有一點抑鬱。不愛人,皮膚幹燥,指甲容易折斷,脫發,女人可能有月經問題,甚至容易受孕,男人可能有性功能下降等等。

四川新聞網補充說,對於女性來說,甲狀腺功能減退會導致不孕和流產,而未經治療的孕婦則會影響胎兒神經智力的發育。如果有孕婦患有嚴重JiaJian懷孕後,如果不治療,那么,出生的孩子智力會受到影響,這種影響是不可逆的。因此,妊娠前必須做甲狀腺功能檢查,只有抽血才能查出甲狀腺功能是否正常,如果異常,及時就醫,直到妊娠後甲狀腺功能恢複正常。

“人民日報健康與衛生頻道”建議甲狀腺功能減退症患者終生服用藥物,而不是害怕藥物,而是堅持服藥。同時,每年監測兩至三次甲狀腺功能,使甲狀腺功能保持在合理范圍內。此外,一些JiaJian患者是由自身免疫性疾病引起的,在這種情況下,應該少吃碘。

過度活躍症特徵主要表現在注意力不足或過動症、情緒化等,ADHD治疗就需要专门的ADHD藥物,例如多巴胺等,亦需專業訓練大腦執行能力,改善病情。

有減輕腰部和肩部疼痛的好方法。

肩頸酸痛是一種常見的“現代病”。放松是許多人都會接受的服務。然而,最近有消息稱,一名27歲的男子在浴室接受按摩技師頸部按摩後意外死亡,這是一個很大的驚喜。技術人員說,只是輕輕地左右頸部,當時沒有異常反應.只有離開不久,開始頭暈胸悶,最後突然死亡。據司法鑒定,死亡原因為推拿引起的寰樞椎半脫位和血栓引起的中樞神經系統功能障礙死亡。

日常腰椎肩頸疼痛應如何緩解?尹剛輝是南方醫科大學第三附屬醫院的副主任醫師,他警告說,按摩不能緩解頸部或腰部的不適。如果你覺得頸部或腰疼,其實有一個更簡單的經濟和安全提示,這是熱的。

按摩傷頸椎門診年年有

尹剛輝介紹,脊柱不適症狀,不建議按摩來緩解症狀。特別是頸椎,如果椎間盤突出,髓質承受嚴重壓力,椎管狹窄或其他先天性疾病存在,或者頸椎有一個老脫位,已經處於非常不穩定的狀態。推拿手法有可能導致牙髓損傷,最嚴重的會導致癱瘓。由於按摩導致不同程度的宮頸損傷患者,幾乎每年都有門診就診。

其次,身體的肌肉筋膜包,過度強調“力”的盲人按摩,讓人痛苦,實際上已經在皮下筋膜損傷,膜傷害很容易形成疤痕,水腫。

過度活躍症特徵主要表現在注意力不足或過動症、情緒化等,ADHD治療就需要专门的ADHD藥物,例如多巴胺等,亦需專業訓練大腦執行能力,改善病情。

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資本相互追逐能乘風破浪嗎?

科技之翼的金融:資本相互追逐能乘風破浪嗎?

在互聯網金融監管最嚴重的風暴之後,一些幸存者以金融技術的名義改變了他們的名字。誰是“真正的功夫”,誰是“假把戲”?在資本看來,真正的金融技術是誰?哪些金融科技公司值得投資?

證券時報記者 卓泳

自去年以來,金融已經植根於技術的“翅膀”,金融技術公司已經遍地開花。數據顯示,2016年,中國金融科技公司首次獲得77億美元的融資,超過美國,成為全球最大、也是全球唯一一個金融技術融資增長的地區。

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自2017年以來,“金融技術”、“共享經濟”和“人工智能”已成為企業家和資本的熱點領域。據記者觀察,目前入局金融科技領域的資本除了pE/VC外,還不乏騰訊、阿裏巴巴、軟銀中國這類巨頭公司和“國家隊”基金。

然而,在互聯網金融監管的最強烈風暴之後,一些“幸存者”以“金融技術”的名義改變了自己的形象。誰是“真正的功夫”,誰是“假把戲”?在資本看來,真正的金融技術是誰?哪些金融科技公司值得投資?

金融科技的本質:

是技術而不是金融

“金融技術”一詞起源於美國,由“金融技術”構成,字面意思是“應用於金融的技術”。“網絡金融、科技金融、金融與技術,這些詞經常是混淆、混淆和混淆的,方向也不一樣。”福泉投資的創始合夥人喬治認為,根據中央銀行的說法,前兩者在“金融”方面有立足點,而“金融技術”在“技術”方面有立足點,本身不涉及金融監管。因此,他對一個好的金融科技公司的定義是:“以技術創新和能力整合數據為障礙,建立核心競爭力,進入傳統金融業務生態,通過降低金融成本,提高金融效率,”轉變和重塑原有的金融基礎設施和金融發展模式。”

與喬治的理解相似,創東方投資總監康文勝把金融的發展趨勢分為“四化”,即信息化、互聯化、數據化和智能化,而金融科技應該落在“數據化”和“智能化”這兩個階段。“金融科技本身是一種技術而不是金融,是利用大數據、區塊鏈等新技術為金融做獲客、資產評估、風險控制和貸後監控等,目前金融科技處於1.0的數據化階段,未來有望發展為2.0的智能化階段。”康文勝說。

對於金融技術與金融的區別,康文勝一再強調“金融是承擔壞賬風險,而金融技術不承擔壞賬風險”。他認為,很多p2p公司,互聯網融資公司,公司依靠大數據給銀行,稱自己的金融技術,是現階段最新的金融公司,而不是金融技術公司,因為他們都受到了不同程度的國際泳聯金融風險與金融監管。“但是,假如未來這些新金融公司數據積累越來越多,風控不斷優化提升,獲取傳統金融機構資金成本就會越來越低甚至接近於零,這類公司就有潛質晉升為金融科技公司了。”康文勝說。

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collective price increase

Finance–What is the reason for the collective price increase of low-end liquor?

Every summer, it is the off-season of white wine. At this time of the year, many liquor companies began to crouch and look forward to making a difference after entering the fall.

However, in the summer of this year, the liquor market has been somewhat instigated. Both the famous wines and the regional wines have started the price adjustment model.

Low-end liquor brands have raised prices

Recently, Jiugui Liquor (000799) issued a notice to the national channel dealers. Since July 15, 2018, the 52-degree highly soft red altar and the purple altar alcoholic spirits have increased the ex-factory price by 22 yuan and 20 yuan respectively. .

prior to this, there have been a number of wine companies to raise prices.

On June 1, 2018, Henan Yangshao Marketing Co., Ltd. issued a price adjustment notice, starting from 0:00 on June 11th, raising prices for some of its products: painted pottery and National Edition, people and Zhengzhou Edition, Renzhiyun 2018 The version of the wine is raised by 5 yuan per bottle. The pottery square, the national version of the land, the Zhengzhou version of the land, the rhyme of the 2018 version of each bottle of wine rose 10 yuan.

The reporter learned that in November 2017, Luoyang Dukang Holdings also carried out the channel supply price and suggested retail price of the products of Duzuo Kangcang, Jiuzu Dukang 6 窖 District, Jiuzu Dukang 9 窖 District, Jiuzu Dukang 12 窖 District. Adjustment.

The channel supply price was raised on the original basis, of which the wine ancestor Dukang sang was raised by 25 yuan/piece, the wine ancestor Dukang 6 窖 area was raised by 30 yuan/piece, and the wine ancestor Dukang 9 窖 area was raised by 40 yuan/piece, Jiuzu Dukang 12 / The area is raised by 45 yuan / piece.

At the same time as the price of dealers rose, Dukang Holdings also suggested that the retail price should be raised in the same proportion on the original basis.

Shanxi Xiangyang Wang Wine Co., Ltd. Zhengzhou City General Agent, Zhengzhou Tianteng Trading Co., Ltd. General Manager Kong Xiangbin told reporters that the company’s agent of Xiangyang Wangjiu is a price of 20 yuan light bottle wine, since the end of last year The bottle price is 5 yuan.

In addition, the Maotai Group Tianchao Shangren Liquor, Mouth (603589), Xifeng Liquor, etc. have different levels of price increases. The prices of these wines are basically between 50 yuan and 200 yuan, belonging to the low-end market.

price increases due to rising labor, raw materials, and logistics costs

The price increase of liquor is a normal thing, but the price increases in previous years are concentrated before the peak season, and most of the high-end liquor.

The reporter noted that this price hike, which is dominated by low-end and mid-range white spirits, began before the Mid-Autumn Festival last year. In this regard, a person in charge of a liquor company in Zhengzhou said that the price increase was mainly caused by the sharp increase in costs such as labor, brewing raw materials, warehousing logistics and packaging materials.

„The low-end area liquor has limited profit margins, and its market share is also small. The sales volume is not up to the cost, but it can only be increased.“ The person in charge said.

A liquor dealer in Zhengzhou said that the price increase of low-end white wines, although there are cost-driven factors, is mainly driven by favorable market conditions and has a certain relationship with consumption upgrades. Take urban white-collar workers as an example. If you take a bottle of 20 yuan to entertain friends, I guess I am embarrassed, and my friends will not drink. The reason is that the psychological suggestion for everyone is that a bottle of 20 yuan will definitely not Where are you going? When the consumption upgrade becomes the general trend, no one wants to bottom out.“

The reporter noticed that compared with the previous Maotai 100 yuan as the price increase unit, these low-end liquor prices rose by 5 yuan to tens of yuan.

„In recent years, Moutai has been rising, and every price increase will bring other wine brands to follow suit.“ Zhangzhou Laojiao (000568) dealer Zhang said that the sales price of low-end liquor is low, and the profit is thin. The price is also fine-tuned on this basis, and it is impossible to double the price.

The price of low-end white wine should be cautious

Some industry experts said that the price increase of low-end white wine should be considered by its consumer groups to evaluate the brand and consumption value of the product. „Consumers of low-end and mid-range wines are more sensitive to price changes. Therefore, when these prices increase, they should assess their own price.“

Liang Chao, chairman of Zhixing Liquor Strategic Marketing Escrow Consultant, believes that it is difficult for consumers to agree on the price of liquor brands that are not recognized by consumers: „High-middle and low-end liquor products, each with market demand, which is related to different spending power, but whether it is High, medium or low-grade liquor, and miscellaneous branded wines will be eliminated.“

Kong Xiangbin told reporters that Xiangyang Wang wine itself is a niche market in Zhengzhou, and it can sell some before the price increase. After the price increase, sales have dropped a lot.

The reporter learned that there are still some liquor brands, in order not to reduce their sales, only the dealers and retail terminal providers to raise prices, but still maintain the original price for consumers. But this undoubtedly cuts the profit margin of the dealers.

In addition, in order to protect the interests of dealers and consumers, some liquor producers began to reduce expenditures internally and use the savings to offset the increase in costs. For example, Shuijingfang (600779) had an impairment of about 80 million yuan in bulk liquor assets in the first half of 2017.

Liquor expert Wan Xinggui believes that under the background of rising cost and low-end liquor living space, liquor companies should moderately increase their prices to survive their survival time. On the other hand, they should actively seek new consumption positioning and space.

Original address: http://field.10jqka.com.cn/20180716/c605687427.shtml

Bosnia’s hydropower gone sour

‚They dammed everything‘ – Bosnia’s hydropower gone sour

By Guy De Launey

BBC News, Bosnia

10 September 2018

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Image copyrightMATIC OBLAK

For an example of the ugly face of sustainable energy, environmentalists in Bosnia point to the Medna Dam on Bosnia’s Sana River.

Where there was once a free-flowing river, home to a population of Danube salmon, now there are piles of rubble, broken pipes and a concrete wall blocking in the water.

The moss on the rocks shows how high the water used to reach before the dam was completed in March; a black-and-white indicator confirms the low levels during the summer months.

Image copyrightGUY DE LAUNEY

„We were here a couple of years ago, and the water was over the rocks,“ says Rok Rozman, a biologist and former Olympic rower from Slovenia. He now kayaks the rivers of the Balkans campaigning against hydropower projects.

„Western companies are coming here because they can’t do new dams in, say, Germany and Norway. They dammed everything – and there’s legislation to keep them away from those rivers. They know they can pull it off here, where there’s no media attention or legislation like in the European Union.“

Image copyrightANZE OSTERMAN

About 300 hydropower projects have been proposed for Bosnia’s waterways. If they were all constructed, the country would be able to increase its exports of electricity – but its natural environment would be radically transformed essential medicines list.

Hydropower dams: What’s behind the global boom?

About 20km (12 miles) from the Medna Dam the water still flows at the Zelenkovac Eco Zone, albeit from a different source. The artistic community which lives there joined the campaign to stop the Sana being blocked.

Image caption

Mushrooms harvested at the Zelenkovac Eco Zone

Image caption

Campaigner Boro Jankovic opposed the Medna Dam

„This was a crime against nature and the people,“ says Boro Jankovic, the Eco Zone’s founder.

„This is not renewable or green. Using just three water mills on the river would be good; that would help the locals. But they wanted to do it their way and not consult the locals. We can’t remove the dam – but we want to use this as an example to raise awareness in other places in Bosnia, so they can’t do it there.“

Spreading the word is the key concern of Anes Halkic, a fishing and rafting guide on the Una River.

Image copyrightGUY DE LAUNEY

His family has lived in the area for five generations, and he says an increase in eco-tourism is helping co-operation and reconciliation among Bosnia’s different ethnic groups. But that could disappear if the river were dammed.

„At the moment I am sure lots of people don’t know what is coming. The first step is to inform people about it,“ he says.

„The main part of the economy is tourism – but they could destroy the river for energy.“

Almost all the proposals are for so-called „mini hydro“ projects, generating fewer than 10 megawatts of electricity. Campaigners say that does not justify either the environmental or financial costs.

Image copyrightGUY DE LAUNEY

The Austrian developers of the Medna Dam were not available for comment.

The authorities in Bosnia’s Republika Srpska – the Bosnian Serb entity – have supported dam projects, saying they are exploiting „unused hydro potential“ to „achieve goals set by the EU“.

That argument does not convince campaigners like Aida Bilal. She and a group of like-minded local women have blocked the construction of a dam at Kruscica, near the capital Sarajevo. Their tactics have included legal and direct action.

Image copyrightGUY DE LAUNEY

„We got a lawyer who challenges the decisions and permits issued,“ she says.

„We are also gathering and protesting on the bridge – not allowing the investors‘ machines to go and start construction.“

As more communities wake up to the issues around hydropower, it may just be the start of a long battle for the future of Bosnia’s rivers.

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drones that go where tractors

The crop-spraying drones that go where tractors can’t

By Chris Baraniuk

Technology of Business reporter

3 August 2018

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Image copyrightHYLIO

Image caption

Drones can apply pesticides and fertilisers more accurately, proponents say

Something unusual is happening on farms in the small Central American nation of El Salvador. Many fields, mainly of sugar cane, are now being tended by drones.

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Large unmanned hexacopters fitted with 20-litre tanks for carrying fertiliser or pesticides follow pre-mapped routes and spray crops accordingly.

This isn’t a case of new tech replacing old farm equipment – some of these fields are being sprayed for the very first time.

„We’re spraying crops that previously have not being sprayed,“ says Nick Nawratil, chief operating officer of Hylio, the firm behind the trial.

„That’s one huge opportunity that drones are opening up.“

In a country where access to fields is often difficult for tractors and even planes, drones are showing great potential. Mr Nawratil thinks yields could improve by „tens of percent“.

Image copyrightHYLIO

Image caption

The drones need human teams to mange them, but labour is cheaper in emerging economies

At the moment, most of the work with farmers in El Salvador is trial-based, but Hylio is covering a lot of ground. Mr Nawratil says that in one morning a single spray team can service 40 hectares – roughly the same area as 40 international rugby pitches.

He’s seen for himself how much more quickly sugar cane, which can grow to be 20ft (6m) tall or more, shoots up after receiving fertiliser.

Drones are touted as useful flying farmhands because they can, in theory, improve the precision with which fertilisers, pesticides or fungicides are applied. This is due to their ability to spray specific volumes on GpS-defined routes through a field.

One South African farmer recently claimed that using drones reduced the pesticide use on her farm by 30%.

Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image caption

El Salvador’s terrain can be difficult for traditional farm machinery to navigate

This improved efficiency could go some way to allaying fears about the environmental damage that overuse of pesticides and fertilisers can cause, such as reduced biodiversity and the poisoning of aquatic life when chemicals run off into rivers after rain.

For developing countries in highly competitive global agriculture markets, drones are clearly tempting. The philippines recently announced that 5,000 hectares of vegetable farms would be used to test crop-spraying drones, for instance.

In the future, will farming be fully automated?

And in India, a similar pilot project on cotton farms was revealed by state authorities in May.

A few years ago, Stelios Kotakis and colleagues at market research firm IHS Markit projected that there would be around 400,000 shipments of drones to firms in the agriculture and forestry sectors in 2017.

Image copyrightpRECISIONHAWK

Image caption

Multispectral drone sensors can also see infrared and ultraviolet wavelengths

„From a [follow-up] survey we did across the industry, we were pretty close to that number,“ he says.

There are many tech companies that claim their drone-based farming systems can increase farmers‘ yields – among them US-based precisionHawk and Airinov in France.

In Airinov’s case, multispectral cameras are used to analyse nitrogen absorption at particular stages of a crop’s development, charted on what’s known as the Zadoks growth scale.

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This helps farmers work out the best time to add fertiliser and where it is needed most, reducing wastage of this expensive resource.

A large French farming co-operative called Ocealia has seen an average 10% increase in crop yields, according to the firm.

Image copyrightAIRINOV

Image caption

Airinov’s lightweight fixed-wing crop monitoring drones can be launched by hand

Multispectral sensors can record non-visible wavelengths, such as infrared radiation and ultraviolet light, as well as visible light, enabling them to identify nutrient deficiencies, pest damage, and water deficiency.

Drones may be automated but they still require humans to pilot, programme and service them, which raises the cost. But in developing countries where labour is cheaper, drones seem more commercially appealing.

„In countries where manpower is cheaper, it tends to be more widely used than in countries like the US and UK,“ says philippe Simard at Simactive, a firm that provides software to process imagery from drones and satellites.

Mr Nawratil says that in El Salvador, Hylio’s reliance on local labour helps to avoid job losses.

Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image caption

A fleet of drones transport tea leaves over mountainous Zhejiang province in China

„We don’t have Americans down there running these drones, we train locals, locals are the ones providing the services,“ he says.

Mr Simard’s company offers farmers the ability to turn drone-captured imagery into 3D maps of their fields to show how water may flow across them – useful when determining how flooding or run-off might affect crops and soil.

Other things show up in the imagery as well, though. A recent project in Brazil used the system to detect centipede damage on plants, locating where in the field this was a problem.

But despite these promising case studies, drones in agriculture still have a lot to prove, says Bruce Erickson, agronomy education distance and outreach director at purdue University in Indiana.

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work hard to clear the transmission

Central Bank: It is necessary to work hard to clear the transmission mechanism of monetary policy

Zhu Hexin, deputy governor of the people’s Bank of China, said at the State Council policy briefing on the 21st that the next stage, the central bank will improve the forward-looking, flexible and effective policies, and implement the financial system. Serving the work related to the real economy. On the one hand, it is necessary to strengthen overall coordination, not only to form policy synergies, but also to prevent policy superposition. On the other hand, we must grasp the degree of goodness and maintain strategic strength. Supply good money to the general gate and keep the liquidity reasonable and sufficient. Balance the relationship between multiple objectives, unblock the transmission mechanism of monetary policy, improve the ability and willingness of financial services to the real economy through mechanism innovation, and effectively alleviate the problem of difficult financing for corporate financing.

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Zhu Hexin said that since the beginning of this year, monetary policy has made a lot of efforts in terms of quantity, price and structure. Loans maintained rapid growth, the liquidity of the banking system was reasonably abundant, the risk-free interest rate dropped significantly, and the interest rates of medium and high-grade bonds fell significantly. At the same time, it should also be noted that the current influencing factors of the monetary policy transmission mechanism have increased. The central bank has injected liquidity into the banking system and is subject to the supply of funds and the willingness and ability of both parties. Credit expansion is subject to multiple constraints on the supply side and the demand side. Sometimes there is a situation in which the financial system is “rich” and difficult to use.

„To further clear the monetary transmission mechanism is of great significance to promoting a virtuous circle of financial and real economy and preventing systemic risks. It is a key measure to break through the last mile of the financial service entity economy. It is necessary to diversify the monetary policy transmission mechanism. Zhu Hexin said: First, monetary policy should deal with the relationship between stable growth and risk prevention, internal balance and external balance, macro-capacity and micro-credit, and insist on the general direction of structural de-leverage. Second, financial institutions should sink their financial management and service focus, rationally cover risks, optimize assessment incentives, and enhance the internal motivation of serving small and micro enterprises in accordance with the principle of financial sustainability. The third is to coordinate and coordinate with other departments, give full play to the „several lifts“ and continue to do a good job in the financial services of small and micro enterprises. Fourth, in the long run, through reforms, we will work hard to ease the channels of monetary policy, optimize the allocation of financial resources, and support the long-term sustainable development of the real economy.

In easing the financing difficulties of small and micro enterprises and reducing the financing costs, Zhu Hexin said that he will further exert the policy synergy, do a good job of policy coordination, and play the role of “several lifts” to effectively improve the quality and efficiency of financial services for small and micro enterprises. First, enhance the transmission effect of monetary policy, continue to use credit policies to support re-lending, rediscounting and other tools, guide financial institutions to increase financial support for small and micro enterprises, and use macro-prudential assessment to guide financial institutions to use RRR cuts for support. Small and micro enterprises. The second is to deepen the financing function of the bond market, vigorously develop high-yield bonds for SMEs, and encourage bond credit promotion institutions to support commercial banks to issue small and micro enterprise financial bonds through credit risk mitigation tools. The third is to consolidate the main responsibilities of financial institutions and guide financial institutions to improve the cost-sharing and revenue-sharing mechanisms for small and micro enterprises. We will implement internal fund transfer price concessions, implement due diligence and mobilize the enthusiasm of frontline credit officers. The fourth is to do a good job in supervision and evaluation, improve and improve the mechanism of small micro-credit policy-oriented effect evaluation, strengthen the promotion of good experience and practice, and investigate and deal with collusion, fraud, fraud, and other frauds in small and micro enterprises and financial institutions. Violation of laws and regulations, the implementation of cross-departmental multi-level breach of trust and joint punishment Blood in the urine.

Regarding the RMB exchange rate, Li Bo, director of the Monetary policy Department of the people’s Bank of China, said that the first is that the RMB exchange rate is mainly determined by market supply and demand. Since the beginning of last year, the renminbi has risen against the US dollar, and the flexibility of the renminbi exchange rate has also increased significantly. What we emphasize is to give more play to the decisive role of the market in the formation of exchange rates, not to engage in competitive devaluation, nor to use the RMB exchange rate as a tool to deal with external disturbances such as trade friction. Second, while maintaining the flexibility of the exchange rate, the central bank also adhered to the bottom line thinking, and also adjusted the foreign exchange supply and demand counter-cyclical adjustment through macro-prudential policies when necessary to maintain the smooth operation of the foreign exchange market. Third, the exchange rate is ultimately determined by economic fundamentals. The fundamentals of the Chinese economy are stable and good, providing strong support for the RMB exchange rate. We have the confidence and ability to maintain the basic stability of the RMB exchange rate at a reasonable and balanced level.

In addition, in terms of deleveraging, Ji Zhihong, director of the Financial Markets Department of the people’s Bank of China, said that from the implementation of supply-side structural reforms in the past few years, it has achieved remarkable results by not making a one-size-fits-all approach and grasping the strength and pace of de-leveraging. The macro leverage ratio has generally stabilized. In 2017, China’s leverage ratio was 248.9%, and it remained at this level in the second quarter of this year. The macro leverage ratio has basically stabilized. From a structural point of view, the asset-liability ratio of state-owned enterprises has dropped significantly. In the second quarter of this year, the leverage ratio of the corporate sector has declined, the management of implicit debts of local governments has been regulated, and the rate of increase in leverage of the household sector has also declined. The leverage structure has been optimized. situation.

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The article was transferred from: http://www.xinhuanet.com/money/2018-08/22/c_1123306238.htm

premiums recovered

Internet property insurance premiums recovered in the first half of the year

China Insurance Industry Association (referred to as „China Insurance Association“) released on August 20th, Internet property insurance business data for the first half of 2018 shows that in the first half of 2018, the Internet property insurance business realized a cumulative premium income of 32.64 billion yuan, accounting for the property insurance company. In the first half of the year, all channels accumulated 5.42% of the original insurance premium income of 602.418 billion yuan, up by 0.91 percentage points over the same period; the Internet property insurance business ended two years of negative growth, which was warmer than the same period and maintained steady growth. The first half of the year accumulated Internet property insurance. The growth rate of the business during the same period was 37.29%, which was 23.11 percentage points higher than the growth rate of all channels of the insurance company.

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According to industry insiders, the current Internet property insurance market has various forms and the competition pattern is basically clear. The industry concentration is basically the same as that of the same period. The development advantages in the economically developed areas are obvious. The cross-border cooperation of the Internet non-auto insurance business has become the main theme and continues to show rapid growth.

Internet property insurance ends negative growth

According to the data of China Insurance Association, in the first half of 2018, Zhong’an Insurance, Taikang Online, Anxin Insurance, Yi’an Insurance and other four professional Internet insurance companies realized accumulated premium income of 7.813 billion yuan, an increase of 94.91% over the same period of last year; 23.94% of the insurance business increased by 7.07 percentage points year-on-year. The other 64 insurance institutions, including ping An property Insurance, pICC p&C Insurance, and CpIC property Insurance, achieved a total premium income of 24.827 billion yuan, accounting for 76.06% of the overall Internet property insurance business.

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Mutual insurance companies have taken the Internet insurance express train, and their business development has improved. Zhonghui property Insurance and Huiyou Construction and Construction, two property insurance mutual insurance companies, opened in the first half of 2017. In 2017, Zhonghui property Insurance generated a total of non-auto insurance premiums of 26,928,400 yuan, and the Internet non-auto insurance market ranked 30th. By the first half of 2018, Zhonghui property Insurance generated a total of 77,418,800 non-auto insurance premiums, and the Internet non-auto insurance market ranked 20th. .

The proportion of Internet insurance business of foreign companies has increased. The accumulated Internet property insurance premiums of 16 foreign-invested companies such as Cathay property Insurance, Ansheng Tianping, Allianz Insurance, Meiya Insurance, and Shidai property Insurance were RMB 1.17 billion, with a growth rate of 124.60% over the same period, accounting for 5.26 of the overall Internet property insurance business. %, an increase of 2.04 percentage points over the same period in 2017.

Market concentration is basically flat

The data shows that in the first half of 2018, ping An property Insurance, Zhongan Insurance and pICC p&C Insurance ranked the top three in terms of premiums, with accumulated premium income of 16.751 billion yuan. In terms of subdivision, first, in the Internet auto insurance market, traditional insurance companies have an advantage. The top three premiums were ping An property Insurance, pICC p&C Insurance and Dadi property Insurance. The accumulated premium income of the three companies in the first half of the year was 10.612 billion yuan. Second, in the Internet non-auto insurance market, the advantages of insurance technology companies are highlighted. The top three premiums were Zhong An Insurance, Cathay property Insurance and pICC property Insurance. The accumulated premium income of the three companies in the first half of the year was 7.184 billion yuan.

These three Internet insurance technology companies have a good business performance with their unique advantages. In the first half of the year, Zhongan Insurance accumulated a total of 4.675 billion yuan of non-auto insurance premiums, accounting for 32.00% of the total Internet non-auto insurance business; Cathay property Insurance after Ant Financial Holdings changed its strategy from traditional property insurance companies to insurance technology companies. The non-auto insurance premium income was 1.308 billion yuan, accounting for 8.95% of the overall Internet non-auto insurance business, an increase of 5.05 percentage points over the same period in 2017 Adjuvant Capecitabine.

In terms of the development of sub-insurance, first, the auto insurance business reversed negative growth and remained stable, but the business share ratio showed a relatively rapid decline in the same period. In the first half of the year, the accumulated income from Internet auto insurance premiums was 18.035 billion yuan, up 15.38% over the same period, maintaining positive growth for June, reversing the sustained negative growth in 2016-2017, and maintaining a basically stable state. The proportion of auto insurance business in the Internet insurance business in the first half of the year was 55.25%, down 10.49 percentage points from the same period. Second, the share of non-auto insurance business continued to rise. In the first half of the year, the non-auto insurance industry continued to maintain a steady and steady development trend. The accumulated premium income was 14.606 billion yuan. The business share continued to rise to 44.75%, up 10.49 percentage points over the same period. The non-auto insurance business grew at the same period of 79.35%, down 15.84 from the same period. percentage points, the state of rapid growth has declined. Third, accidental health insurance, return shipping insurance sales were large, and accident health and credit guarantee insurance grew fastest.

From the perspective of sub-channel development, in general, the insurance company’s pC official website business has shrunk significantly, the mobile terminal has fallen back to the same level as the same period, and the third-party business has grown rapidly. Through the company’s pC official website, the accumulated premium income was 1.417 billion yuan, accounting for 4.34%, down 14.14 percentage points over the same period; through the mobile terminal (App, WAp and WeChat, etc.), the accumulated premium income was 11.8 billion yuan, accounting for 36.15%, which was higher than the same period. 2.07 percentage points; cumulative premium income realized by third parties (including insurance professional intermediaries and third-party network platforms) was 17.814 billion yuan, accounting for 54.58%, up 10.36 percentage points over the same period; other channels accounted for a relatively low proportion.

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The article was transferred from: http://www.xinhuanet.com/money/2018-08/23/c_1123312530.htm